ISSN 2308-4057 (Печать),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Онлайн)

Use of animal origin protein concentrates in bread baking

Protein deficiency in the human diet is a widespread problem that affects all body systems. Nutrition adjustment appears to be one of the most effective ways to prevent this problem. This study was aimed at investigating the possibilities of using animal origin protein concentrates in bread baking industry. Study objects included five breads: one control and four samples containing protein concentrates. The test wheat bread samples contained 7, 9, and 11% of milk protein concentrate and 7% of whey protein concentrate to the mass of flour in the dough. Rheological parameters of the dough were obtained using an alveograph and a farinograph. The specific volume and sensory characteristics of the baked products as well as crumb deformation were evaluated. The nutritional value of two samples – control and with 9% of milk protein concentrate addition – was determined by calculation. Whey protein concentrate had a negative influence on the dough rheology. Low water binding capacity and specific volume as well as hard crumb make the usage of this product in bread baking unacceptable. The palatability test showed that bread supplemented with 9% of milk protein concentrate had the best sensory characteristics, compared to control and other test samples (with 7 and 11% of this concentrate). The predicted protein content was equal to 11.6 g/100 g that is 35% higher than in the control sample. Consequently, milk protein concentrate has a potential to improve biological value of the bread that can be further helpful to prevent the protein deficiency. Milk protein concentrate can be successfully used in the bread making process as an ingredient to correct the nutritional and biological value of baked products.
Ключевые слова
Fortified bread, whey protein, milk protein, rheology, protein concentrate
Вклад авторов
All the authors have an equal contribution to the article and are equally responsible for any potential plagiarism.
The authors declared no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this article.
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Как цитировать?
Shabunina MV, Andreeva A, Pavlova AS. Use of animal origin protein concentrates in bread baking. Foods and Raw Materials. 2023;11(2):338–346.
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