ISSN 2308-4057 (Печать),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Онлайн)


The technology of afterpurification of drinking water is developed for upgrading of foodstuff from organic contaminants periodically present at natural water or formed on a stage of disinfecting by ozonization. The adsorption research of phenol, formaldehyde and acetic aldehyde from individual water solutions and their mixes on active charcoals (AC) marks AG-3, ABG, KsAU, AG-OV-1, SKD-515 and BАU differing in contents, in the way of reception, structure and chemical state of a surface is carried out. The basic laws, features and the mechanism of adsorption organic contaminants on АC are established. The mechanism of mass carry is shown at adsorption of mixes of phenol and formaldehyde, formaldehyde and acetic aldehyde on АC of different marks. A method to optimise the parametres and modes of continuous absorption cleaning, based on the fundamental equation of external diffusion dynamics of absorption, using Dubinin-Radushkevich constants and kinetic dependences, is offered. The basic parametres of adsorption dynamics which allowed determining the operating period of the column, the quantity of refined water depending on the rate of transmission, height of fixed bed and sizes of a column are stated. According to the results of experimental researches and derivatographic analysis the technology of regeneration of active charcoals after adsorption of mixes by washing АC by water warmed up to 50°С with the subsequent warmup by a stream of air with temperature 200°С within 2 hours that allows to reduce sorptive capacity of sorbents on 95-98% is developed. The technology solution for afterpurification of drinking water from phenol, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, occasionally presenting in natural water or arising in the stage of ozonation in water processing, was recommended on the basis of the complex analysis of absorption (balance, kinetics and dynamics) of organic substances, optimization of purification modes and parametres of absorption column, using mathematical modelling.
Ключевые слова
adsorption, active charcoals, drinking water, phenol, formaldehyde, acetic aldehyde
  1. Materialy k gosudarstvennomu dokladu «O sostoyanii i okhrane okruzhayushchey sredy Kemerovskoy oblasti v 2015 godu [Materials to the state report “About a state and preservation of the environment of the Kemerovo area in 2015”]. Committee of preservation of the environment and natural resources of Kemerovo region, 2015. Available at: (accessed 2 April 2015). (In Russian).
  2. Krasnova T.A. and Timoshchuk I.V. Impact of priority water contaminants on the stability of the main components of nectars. Foods and Raw materials, 2013, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 95-107.
  3. Nikoladze G.I. Podgotovka vody dlya pit'evogo i promyshlennogo vodosnabzheniya [Preparation of water for drinking and industrial water supply]. Мoscow: Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1984. 368 p.
  4. Sato T., Yamamori H., Matsuda H., et al. An estimation of safety of ozonation and chiorination of water purification plant. Water Sci. Technol, 1992, no. 9-11, pp. 2385-2388.
  5. Warming to ozone. Water and Waste Treat, 1992, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 12-16.
  6. Neale P., Antony A., and Bartkow M. Bioanalytical assessment of the formation of disinfection byproducts in a drinking water treatment plant. Environmental Science & Technology, 2012, vol. 46, no. 18, pp. 10317-10325.
  7. Itoh S., Gordon B., and Callan P. Regulations and perspectives on disinfection by-products: importance of estimating overall toxicity. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua, 2011, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 261-274.
  8. Jeong C., Wagner E., and Siebert V. Occurrence and toxicity of disinfection byproducts in European drinking water in relation with the HIWATE epidemiology study. Еnvironmental Science & Technology, 2012, vol. 46, no. 21, pp. 12120-12128.
  9. Grushko Ya.M. Vrednye organicheskie soedineniya v promyshlennykh stochnykh vodakh [Harmful organic compounds in industrial sewage: Manual]. Leningrad: Khimiya Publ., 1982. 216 p.
  10. Timoshchuk I.V., Ermolaeva N.A., and Proskunov I.V. Adsorption of acetic aldehyde from water solutions carbon sorbents. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology, 2012, no. 2, pp. 164-168. (In Russian).
  11. Koganovskiy A.M., Klimenko N.A., Levchenko T.M., and Roda I.G. Adsorbtsiya organicheskikh veshchestv iz vody [Adsorption of organic matters from water]. Leningrad: Khimiya Publ., 1990. 256 p.
  12. Timoshchuk I.V. Formirovanie kachestva produktov pitaniya na osnove razrabotki i primeneniya adsorbtsionnykh protsessov v tekhnologiyakh ochistki prirodnykh vod. Diss. dokt. tekhn. nauk [Formation of quality of food products through the development and use of adsorption processes in natural water purification technologies. Dr. eng. sci. diss.]. Kemerovo, 2014. 326 p.
  13. Schlűcker S., Singh Ranjan K., Asthana B.P., Popp J., and Kiefer W. Hydrogen-Bonded Pyridine - Water Complexes Studied by Density Functional Theory and Raman Spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. A., 2001, no. 105, pp. 9983-9989.
  14. Timoshchuk I.V., Golubeva N.S., Krasnova T.A., and Tumanova T.A. Studying of surface condition of active charcoal after adsorption of organic compounds. Ecology and industry of Russia, 2010, no. 10, pp. 58-59. (In Russian).
  15. Fedotkin I.M., Koganovskii A.M., Roda I.G., and Marutovskii R.M. About definition of factor of external mass exchange at adsorption from solutions. Journal of physical chemistry, 1974, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 473-475. (In Russian).
  16. Krasnova T.A., Kirsanov M.P., Samoilova N.A., and Chekannikova I.V. Kinetics of formaldehyde adsorption by activated carbon. Ecological Congress International journal, 2001, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 5- 8.
  17. Timoshchuk I.V., Krasnova T.A., and Tumanova T.A. Technology of preparation of bottled water. Food-processing industry. Beer and drinks, 2009, no. 5, pp. 32-33. (In Russian).
Как цитировать?
О журнале