ISSN 2308-4057 (Print),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Online)

Intensification of cooling fluid process

A number of sectors in the food industry practice cooling substances of biological origin. This contributes to the maintenance of their biological properties, as well as prevents microflora growth in the product. One of the ways to intensify production processes and maintain the quality of raw materials and finished products is their accelerated cooling with the help of low-energy cooling equipment. The use of physical bodies cooled to low temperatures is a promising way to accelerate liquid cooling. We used balls with frozen eutectic solution. In our research, the problem of cooling a liquid system is formulated and solved within the framework of classical linear boundary value problem for the equation of a stationary convective heat transfer. In the area of the actual values of the process parameters on the study object, the solution obtained is used as the basis for numerical experiment on the modelling of the cooling liquid flow with the cooling agent system, namely balls filled with eutectic solution. By calculation, the efficiency of the proposed method for cooling liquid was justified based on such factors as temperature, the number of balls in a two-phase liquid system, and the duration of low-temperature treatment. The presented results of the numerical experiment complied with real heat transfer processes during liquid cooling.
Low-temperature treatment, cooling, liquid system, heat transfer, eutectic solution
  1. Panin AA, Kozlovtsev AP, Kvashennikov VI, Korovin GS. Energy-saving method of dairy produce cooling. Izvestia Orenburg State Agrarian University. 2013;41(3):97–99. (In Russ.).
  2. Kvashennikov VI, Kozlovtsev AP, Shakhov VA, Kryuchin NP. Energy-saving technology of storing natural ice at dairy farms. Scientific Review. 2015;(4):17–21. (In Russ.).
  3. Ibrahim MT, Zacharias J, Briesen H, Först P. Heat transfer to a stationary cubic particle in a laminar tube flow: Computational fluid dynamics simulations and experiments. Journal of Food Engineering. 2020;274. DOI:
  4. Marazani T, Madyira DM, Akinlabi ET. Investigation of the parameters governing the performance of jet impingement quick food freezing and cooling systems – A review. Procedia Manufacturing. 2017;8:754–760. DOI:
  5. Vinogradov VV, Tyazhelʹnikova IL, Vinogradova EP, Esenbekov VS. Teoreticheskiy analiz vozmozhnosti upravleniya usloviyami zatverdevaniya v nepreryvnolitom slitke [Theoretical analysis of the possibility of controlling the solidification conditions in a continuously cast ingot]. Metally. 2014;(4):17–22. (In Russ.).
  6. Vinogradov VV, Shakurov AG, Tyazhel’nikova IL, Vinogradova EP, Esenbekov VS. Mathematical simulation of melted slag cooling by a system of metal balls. Technical Physics. 2015;85(12):21–25. (In Russ.).
  7. Yagov VV, Zabirov AR, Kanin PK. Heat transfer at cooling high-temperature bodies in subcooled liquids. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 2018;126:823–830. DOI:
  8. Babakin BS, Voronin MI, Semenov EV, Belozerov GA, Babakin SB. Quantitative analysis of the process of cooling a coolant using developed frozen surfaces. Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. 2018;54(3–4):233–238. DOI:
  9. Babakin BS, Semenov EV, Voronin MI, Slavyansky AA, Babakin SB, Suchkov AN. Calculation of the process of preparation of the chilled water frozen balls. Storage and Processing of Farm Products. 2016;(8):15–19. (In Russ.).
  10. Semenov EV, Babakin BS, Voronin MI, Belozerov AG, Babakin SB. Mathematical modeling of thermostating liquid cooling process by the system of frozen ballons. Journal of International Academy of Refrigeration. 2016;(4):74–79. (In Russ.). DOI:
  11. Palacz M, Adamczyk W, Piechnik E, Stebel M, Smolka J. Experimental investigation of the fluid flow inside a hydrofluidisation freezing chamber. International Journal of Refrigeration. 2019;107:52–62. DOI:
  12. Babakin BS, Voronin MI, Semenov EV, Babakin SB, Belozerov AG, Suchkov AN. Substantiation of liquid cooling by introducing the frozen balls with developed surface. Journal of International Academy of Refrigeration. 2019;(2):95–101. (In Russ.). DOI:
  13. Lykov AV. Teoriya teploprovodnosti [Theory of thermal conductivity]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola; 1967. 599 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Asgharian H, Baniasadi E. Experimental and numerical analyses of a cooling energy storage system using spherical capsules. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2019;149:909–923.
  15. Levashov VYu, Puzina YuYu. The parameters influencing sphere cooling in a cold liquid. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2018;1128(1). DOI:
How to quote?
Slavyanskiy AА, Semenov EV, Babakin BS, Lebedeva NN. Intensification of cooling fluid process. Foods and Raw Materials. 2020;8(1):171–176. DOI:
About journal