ISSN 2308-4057 (Print),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Online)

Xanthan-based biodegradable packaging for fish and meat products

Nowadays, the development of environmentally-friendly packaging materials is relevant worldwide. Biodegradable packaging materials are promising due to their safety and ability to extend shelf life of food products. This study aimed to investigate the properties of biodegradable film based on a bacterial exopolysaccharide (xanthan) with the view to extend the quality and shelf life of chilled meat products. We studied pork and carp samples packed in biodegradable film and stored at 0–2°C. Biodegradable packaging had positive effects on sensory, physicochemical, and microbiological parameters, as well as on ecological safety of the raw materials. During storage of packed chilled pork, its mass loss decreased from 2.16 to 0.21% (norm to 0.30%), and water activity reduced from 0.985 to 0.960, which had a positive effect on the microbiological resistance of pork during storage. The use of biodegradable film contributed to the preservation of quality and freshness of carp, which was confirmed by sensory and microbiological indicators. Total microbial contamination in carp packed in biodegradable film was significantly lower than that in unpacked samples, which extended its shelf life for one day compared to control. Biodegradable packaging also allowed mass loss and pH value to decrease during storage and inhibited oxidation processes in the samples under study. Free fatty acid content decreased by a factor of two, and peroxides, by 7%. Thus, biodegradable films can be effective film coatings to use in the food industry. This method of packaging not only preserves the functional and technological properties of food products, lowers their mass loss, and extends their shelf life, but also reduces costs and is environmentally friendly.
Biodegradable packaging, film coating, xanthan, shelf life, food quality, meat products
This research was funded by the Russian Scientific Foundation 19-76-10013 “Development and implementation of technology for production and storage of environmentally safe lamb enriched with essential trace elements”.
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How to quote?
Giro TM, Beloglazova KE, Rysmukhambetova GE, Simakova IV, Karpunina LV, Rogojin AA, et al. Xanthan-based biodegradable packaging for fish and meat products. Foods and Raw Materials. 2020;8(1):67–75. DOI:
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