ISSN 2308-4057 (Print),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Online)

Analysis of the Structural and Mechanical Properties and Micromorphological Features of Polymeric Films Based on Hydrocolloids of Vegetable Origin Used for the Production of Biodegradable Polymers

Modern research and technology approaches to the production of biodegradable polymeric materials based on renewable resources have been reviewed. It has been found that films prepared of cellulose, chitosan, gelatin, polypeptides, casein, soy, wheat, corn, rice, and maize are being commonly used at present. The structural and mechanical properties and micromorphological features of hydrocolloids of vegetable origin promising for the production of biodegradable polymers—starches, pectins, carrageenans, and agar—have been studied. It has been determined that, with respect to strength and suitability for use in films of individual components, all the studied hydrocolloids can be arranged in ascending order as follows: starches, carrageenans, pectins, agar. According to analysis of the structural and mechanical properties of the films, it has been shown that the best parameters are found for the samples based on pectin P1 and agar A2. The breaking stress for these materials is 52 and 77 MPa, respectively. The breaking strain is 11.5 and 8.0%, respectively. Analysis of the micromorphology has revealed the formation of surface microdiscontinuities in the films based on high methoxyl pectins P1 and P4 and unmodified corn starch S3 and the formation of wavy folds in the case of the films of kappa-carrageenan C1; these folds are formed during drying and decrease the tensile strength of the respective films. The found features will be used in the development of technologies for the production of biodegradable polymeric materials based on hydrocolloids of vegetable origin with enhanced performance and processing characteristics.
Ключевые слова
biodegradable materials , hydrocolloids , starch , pectin , agar , carrageenan , micromorphological properties , mechanical properties
  1. Fomin, V.A. and Guzeev, V.V., Biorazlagaemye polimery, sostoyanie i perspektivy ispol´zovaniya (Biodegradable polymers: State-of-the-art and prospects), Plast. Massy (Plastics), 2001. № 2. P. 42.
  2. Buryak, V.P., Biopolimery. Est´ li al´ternativa? (Biopolymers: Is there an alternative?), Polim. Mater. (Polym. Mater.), 2006. № 1. P. 32.
  3. Vlasov, S.V. and Ol´khov, V.V., Biorazlagaemye polimernye materialy (Biodegradable polymer materials), Polim. Mater. (Polym. Mater.), 2006. № 7. P. 23.
  4. Shah, A.A., Hasan, F., Hameed, A., and Ahmed, S., Biological degradation of plastics: A comprehensive review, Biotechnol. Adv., 2008. V. 26. P. 246.
  5. Arshakyan, A.D., Rozanova, E.N., Kometiani, I.B., and Grekhneva, E.V., Per´evoy keratin v sinteze biorazlagaemykh polimernykh materialov na osnove akrilamida i metilmetakrilata (Feather keratin in synthesis of biodegradable polymer materials based on acrylamide and methyl methacrylate), Uchenye Zapiski: Elektron. Nauchn. Zhurn. Kursk. Gos. Univ. (Sci. Notes: Electron. Sci. Journ. Kursk. State Univ.), 2013. V. 2. № 3 (27) (
  6. Pavelzhak, R., Upakovka iz kukuruzy – fantastika ili real´nost´ (A pack of corn: Fiction or reality), Paket (Packaging), 2006. № 5. P. 40.
  7. Buryak, V.P., Biopolimery  nastoyashchee i budushchee (Biopolymers: Present and future), Polim. Mater. (Polym. Mater.), 2005. № 11 (78). P. 8.
  8. Rinaudo, M., Chitin and chitosan: Properties and applications, Prog. Polym. Sci., 2006. № 1. P. 603.
  9. Zhang, J.W. and Chen, F., Development of novel soy protein-based polymer blends, Green Polym. Chem.: Biocatal. Biomater., 2010. № 1043. P. 45.
  10. Ofokansi, K., Winter, G., Fricker, G., and Coester, C., Matrix-loaded biodegradable gelatin nanoparticles as new approach to improve drug loading and delivery, Eur. Journ. Pharm. Biopharm., 2010. № 76 (1). P. 1.
  11. Averous, L., Polylactic acid: Synthesis, properties and applications, in Monomers, Oligomers, Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources, ed. by Belgacem, N. and Gandini, A. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2008). P. 433.
  12. Suvorova, A.I., Tyukova, I.S., and Trufanova, E.I., Biorazlagaemye polimernye materialy na osnove krakhmala (Biodegradable polymeric materials based on starch), Usp. Khim. (Russ. Chem. Rev.), 2000. V. 69. № 5. P. 498.
  13. Averous, L., Biodegradable multiphase systems based on plasticized starch: A review, Journ. Macromol. Sci., Part C: Polym. Rev., 2004. № 44 (3). P. 231.
  14. Martin, O., Averous, L., and Della Valle, G., In-line determination of plasticized wheat starch viscoelastic behavior: Impact of processing, Carbohydr. Polym., 2003. № 53 (2). P. 169.
  15. Filimonov, I.S., Loginov, D.S., Trushkin, N.A., Ponomareva, O.A., and Koroleva, O.V., Sozdanie biorazlagaemykh polimerov na osnove fermentativnogo gidrolizata keratinsoderzhashchego syr´ya (Design of biodegradable polymers based on enzymatic hydrolysate of keratin-containing raw materials), Sovr. Probl. Nauki Obraz. (Mod. Probl. Sci. Educ.), 2012. № 6. P. 8.
  16. Pose, S., Kirby, A.R., Mercado, J.A., Morris, V.J., and Quesada, M.A., Structural characterization of cell wall pectin fractions in ripe strawberry fruits using AFM, Carbohydr. Polym., 2012. № 88 (3). P. 882. doi 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.01.029.
  17. Austarheim, I., Christensen, B.E., Hegna, I.K., Petersen, B.O., Duus, J.Ø., Bye, R., Michaelsen, T.E., Diallo, D., Inngjerdingen, M., and Paulsen, B.S., Chemical and biological characterization of pectin-like polysaccharides from the bark of the Malian medicinal tree Cola cordifolia, Carbohydr. Polym., 2012. V. 89. № 1. P. 259.
Как цитировать?
Analysis of the Structural and Mechanical Properties and Micromorphological Features of Polymeric Films Based on Hydrocolloids of Vegetable Origin Used for the Production of Biodegradable Polymers. Foods and Raw Materials, 2014, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 88-97
Кемеровский государственный университет
2308-4057 (Print) /
2310-9599 (Online)
О журнале