ISSN 2308-4057 (Print),
ISSN 2310-9599 (Online)

Amaranth as a bread enriching ingredient

Amaranth is a promising raw material for enriching foods with protein, minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre, squalene, and other nutrients. However, its varieties differ significantly in composition and properties. The research included two stages. At first, we studied the composition of eight amaranth varieties grown in a collection nursery of Voronezh State Agrarian University. Their composition was a factor that determined their functional use as an enriching ingredient. We found that amaranth grain of the Universal variety could be best used to increase the biological value of foods, whereas the Universal and Valentina varieties could be recommended as multifunctional ingredients. The addition of enriching ingredients into foods, including breads, often leads to changes in their traditional consumer properties. Therefore, our next step was to study changes in the composition of Universal amaranth during extrusion using IR spectroscopy. Also, we assessed the effect of amaranth extrudate on the baking properties of model wheat flour and extrudate mixtures as the main factor of the product’s consumer properties. The results showed a redistribution of moisture between flour gluten proteins and extrudate dietary fibre. We also established amounts of amaranth extrudate needed to ensure the preservation of crumb appearance and structure close to the traditional ones.
Ключевые слова
Grain , foods , gluten , extrudate , flour , IR-spectra , leaves
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Как цитировать?
Amaranth as a bread enriching ingredient. Foods and Raw Materials, 2020, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 223-231
Кемеровский государственный университет
2308-4057 (Print) /
2310-9599 (Online)
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