Article information

Views: 1379

Title of article EVALUATING AND IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF ACTIVATED CARBONS FOR THE EXTRACTION OF ORGANOCHLORINE COMPOUNDS IN WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY
Authors

Kirsanov M.P. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , Stroiteley blvd. 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russian Federation , kirsanov@kemtipp.ru

Shishkin V.V. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , Stroiteley blvd. 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russian Federation

Section: CHEMISTRY AND ECOLOGY
Year 2016 Issue 1 DOI 10.21179/2308-4057-2016-1-148-153
Annotation Removing small amounts of organochlorine compounds from aqueous solutions is important for the water treatment and wastewater treatment. Sorption methods with the use of carbon sorbents proved to be very successful in some cases. The paper studies the adsorption equilibrium in the systems carbon sorbent (active carbons KAU, AG-OV-1, SKD-515, semi-coke) - aqueous solutions of chloroform, chlorophenol and carbon sorbent - aqueous solutions of mixtures of these organochlorines. The research holds that the known adsorption equations can be used to describe the adsorption equilibrium and to calculate the main parameters of sorption. The paper discusses the possible mechanisms of chloroform and chlorophenol sorption by active carbons from aqueous solutions. It identifies those brands of activated carbons, which most effectively extract chloroform and chlorophenol from the treated water. The authors examine the possibility of the reagent modification of the sorbents by acid and alkali solutions in order to increase the adsorption capacity.
Keywords active carbon, chloroform, chlorophenol
Artice information Received March 8, 2016
Accepted November 30, -0001
Available online June 27, 2016
Imprint article Kirsanov M.P., Shishkin V.V. EVALUATING AND IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF ACTIVATED CARBONS FOR THE EXTRACTION OF ORGANOCHLORINE COMPOUNDS IN WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY. Food and Raw Materials, 2016, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 148-153. doi: 10.21179/2308-4057-2016-1-148-153
Download the full article
Bibliography
  1. Doklad o sostoyanii i okhrane okruzhayushchey sredy Kemerovskoy oblasti v 2014 godu [Report on the status and protection of the environment of the Kemerovo region in 2014]. Available at: http://ecokem.ru/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/%D0%94%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%9B%D0%90%D0%94-%D0%B7%D0%B0-2014-%D0%BD%D0%B0-01.03.2015-1.pdf . (accessed 12.02.2015). (In Russian).
  2. Kirsanov M.P. Razrabotka i primenenie adsorbtsionnykh protsessov v tekhnologiyakh ochistki stochnykh i prirodnykh vod ot kislorod-, azot- i khlorsoderzhashchikh organicheskikh soedineniy. Diss. dokt. tekhn. nauk [The development and application of adsorption processes in the technologies of wastewater and natural water purification from oxygen, nitrogen and chlorine-containing organic compounds. Dr. eng. sci. diss.]. Kemerovo, 2007. 247 p.
  3. Shishkin V.V. Formirovanie kachestva pit'evoy vody putem adsorbtsionnoy doochistki ot khlorfenola i khloroforma. Diss. kand. tekhn. nauk [The formation of the quality of drinking water by adsorptive aftertreatment of chlorophenol and chloroform. Cand. eng. sci. diss]. Kemerovo, 2009. 174. p.
  4. Rubin A.M. (ed.). Khimiya promyshlennykh stochnykh vod [Chemistry of industrial waste water]. Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1983, 360 p.
  5. Tayts E.M. and Andreeva I.A. Metody analiza i ispytaniya ugley [The methods of analysis and testing of carbons]. Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1985. 301 p.
  6. Khromchenko Ya.L. The gas chromatographic identification of volatile halogenated organic compounds in water. Chemistry and Technology of Water, 1987, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 422-438. (In Russian).
  7. Akhmetov N.S. Obshchaya i neorganicheskaya khimiya [General and inorganic chemistry]. Moscow: Vyssh. Shk. Publ., 2002. 743 p.
  8. Koganovsky A.M. Klimenko N.A., Levchenko T.M., and Roda I.G. Adsorbtsiya organicheskikh veshchestv iz vody [The adsorption of organic substances from water]. Leningrad: Khimiya Publ., 1990. 256 p.
  9. Sorbenty i sorbtsionnye protsessy [Sorbents and sorption processes]. Leningrad: LTI Publ., 1989. 180 p.
  10. Koganovsky A.M., Levchenko G.M., and Kirichenko V.A. Adsorbtsiya rastvorennykh veshchestv [The adsorption of dissolved substances]. Kiev: Naukova dumka Publ., 1977. 223 p.
  11. Parfit G.D. and Rochester C.H. Absorption from solution at the solid/liquid interface. New York: Academic Press, 1983. 488 p.
  12. Kaneko K. and Ishii C. Superhigh surface area determination of microporous solids. Colloids and Surfaces, 1992, vol. 67, pp. 203-212.
  13. Gorelkina A.K., Krasnov T.A., Samoilova N.A., and Chekannikova I.V. On the possibility of using AU to purify water from chlorophenols. Int. Congress Water, Ecology and Technology EKVATEK, Part 1. Moscow, 2004, pp. 499-500. (In Russian).
  14. Kulsky L.A., Goronovsky A.M., Koganovsky A.M., and Shevchenko M.A. Spravochnik po svoystvam, metodam analiza i ochistke vody [Handbook of properties, methods and water treatment analysis]. Kiev: Naukova Dumka Publ., 1980, Part 2. 1205 p.
  15. Fialkov A.S. Uglegrafitovye materialy [Carbon and graphite materials]. Moscow: Enegria Publ., 1979. 319 p.

Copyright © 2016, KemIFST. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and statesitslicense. This article is published with open access at http://frm-kemtipp.ru.